Map 2. shows a 19th century historical map of Vienna. By 1827, utopian notions became the normal way of building cities in Vienna. At this point in time, Vienna was turned into a Baroque city. Baroque began in Rome and spread to most of Europe. Baroque art style is another example of the emergence of modernity in Vienna, as this architecture expressed grandeur, exuberance, drama and tension, and the aristocracy saw this architecture as a way of impressing visitors of Vienna and expressing power, order and control.
Map 3. depicts Vienna after the city destroyed and expanded beyond its medieval wall in the 1850s. At this point in time, Vienna would have had the first orderly and beautiful boulevards in Europe, which can be clearly seen from the map, and were a new kind of public space in Vienna. The existing Public Parks at this time are highlighted on this map in red. The first ring-road- the Ringstrasse- was constructed in 1827, and along this boulevard the aristocracy built beautiful palaces. In Schottering, an area where the wall once stood, more new public spaces were created in the form of galleries, boutiques, shops, and apartments for the wealthy. The new town hall and parliament building were built at the heart of the city in classical Palladion design. Vienna became a global influence.
- Moravian Library, Mollova mapová sbírka: Map 1.
- The David Rumsey Map Collection: Map 2. & Map 3. http://www.davidrumsey.com/